Our strict Quality Management System exclusively controls and monitors the status of the towels at every stage of towel weaving when producing Turkish towels or terry toweling fabric in order to ensure the best possible functionality and perfectly smooth design of the towels.

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Weaving of the Turkish Terry Towels

"Terry towels" are fabrics that have a loop pile woven into them on one or both sides.

Terry piles are constructed using two warp thread sequencings, one for the ground and the other for the pile.

A terry towel is made up of four yarn groups.

They are the weft, border weft, ground warp, and pile warp.

Terry towelling fabric weaving is a compound procedure that can only be performed by using weaving machines with specialized equipment.

In contrast to the two system types of traditional weaving, the terry weaving machine uses three yarn systems: the ground warp, pile warp, and weft.

The looped structure is perfect for towels because the longer, free floating of yarn, particularly made of absorbent cotton fiber, can easily wick up significant amounts of water.

Cotton is typical fiber used to weave towels.

Cotton is the most suitable fiber since it not only readily absorbs moisture but also holds up well to the rigorous washing that towel fabrics must endure.

Terry fabrics are renowned for having a superior water absorption and retention capacity.

Considering the performance yarn characteristics of the cotton fiber, terry fabric can be made with cotton fiber and yarn to obtain static and dynamic water absorption, water retention capacity, wicking, and rate of absorption.

A high-quality terry fabric should possess a long lifespan, excellent hand touch, texture, compressing qualities, and water absorption.

These qualities can be impacted by a variety of factors.

The weaving method, yarn, and fiber can all be optimized to manufacture terry fabrics of the finest quality.

The creation of terry fabric was motivated primarily by the necessity for high water absorption because no other structure was capable of fulfilling this need. 

Turkish cotton terry fabrics are supposed to possess a high capacity for retaining and absorbing water.

Steady and dynamical water absorption, water storage capacity, absorption rate, and other key characteristics are common features.

The strong water absorption capabilities of the terry fabric and yarn, that no other existing structure can match, are primarily for the creation of terry cloth.

Weaving Terry Towels: From Fiber to Fabric

The weaving process ensures that terry towels have a highly absorbent and plush surface, making them ideal for use in bathrobes, beach towels, and other applications where quick moisture absorption is essential.

The weaving process of a terry towel involves several steps to create its unique texture and absorbent properties. Here is a brief overview of the typical weaving process:

1-Choice of Cotton Fiber and Yarn Selection

Cotton, the king of natural fibers, takes center stage in the weaving of terry towels. Renowned for its exceptional absorbent properties, cotton not only wicks up significant amounts of water but also endures rigorous washing, ensuring the longevity of these beloved textiles.

High-quality cotton yarns, such as combed or ring-spun cotton, are chosen for their softness, strength, and ability to absorb water.


The selected yarns are wound onto a large beam called a warp beam, forming the base structure of the towel.

3-Dressing the Loom:

The warp yarns are threaded through the heddles and reed of the loom to create the desired width and pattern for the towel.


The loom is set up with the warp yarns in tension. The weft yarn is then interlaced with the warp yarns to create the towel's fabric.

5-Pile Formation:

The unique feature of terry towels is their looped pile. During weaving, extra warp yarns, called pile warp, are introduced. These pile warp yarns are woven into the towel fabric at specific intervals to create loops.

5-Pile Cutting ( for velour towels if requested ):

After weaving, the towel is sent through a process called shearing. The loops are cut, creating the soft, plush surface characteristic of terry towels.


The towel is finished with a border, typically made of a different yarn to reinforce the edges and provide a neat finish.

7-Washing and Drying:

The towels are washed to remove any sizing or impurities, and then they are dried to achieve the desired softness.

8-Inspection and Quality Control:

Each towel is carefully inspected for any defects or imperfections before dyeing.

Optimization of loop length, loop density, and loop form factor for maximum water absorption

The amount of water absorbed by the terry fabric and loop density have such a direct proportionality, while loop length and water absorption have such a non-linear relationship. This indicates that the greatest amount of water absorption occurs at a loop length of 15 mm.

The loop form factor and the quantity of water absorbed have a similar relationship.

The absorbency of terry cloth largely determines its functionality.

Absorbency behavior in the context of terry fabrics refers to both the fabric's capacity to absorb water and its overall capacity to retain water.

Along with absorbency, users are becoming more discerning about quality, setting a higher standard for mechanical comfort of cloth.

One of the main criteria for choosing towel fabric is now the overall appearance of the cloth, which is controlled by the geometry of the loop.

How to form Piles of Terry Fabrics?

A warp pile structure with loops formed by particular warp endings on its ground is the terry pile.

Base weft and base warp are combined to weave the ground cloth.

This base cloth holds the loops formed by the pile ends since it enables the looped part to extend on the fabric surface.

The loops might have one (the face) or two (the rear) sides (face and back).

Loops can be managed with the loosely tensioned warp edges on the surface thanks to a special weaving technique.

Warped onto two different section beams, unwound, and sized separately are ground warps and pile warps.

They differ from one another in some ways in the processes they go through.

The required lengths and softness of weft or filling yarns are wound onto bobbins.


2 main techniques to weave terry towelling fabrics

Dobby weaving  technique and Jacquard weaving technique are 2 main techniques to weave terry towelling fabrics. 

The standard weaving widths for towels are commonly 30, 50, 70, and 100 cm.

Dobby Weaving Technique of terry towelling fabrics

The dobby terry towel weaving technique produces plain-surfaced towels with less complicated borders that have stripes and simple fractal patterns in solid colors. We refer to the border of the towel as a dobby border or a border with simple geometric patterns or stripes. As they feature a wider and more practicable surface to stitch the custom logo embroidery, these dobby woven borders are mainly suitable to produce custom embroidered towels and bath towels with logo. Hotel bath mats are woven with stripes or with no border or with no stipe. Generally, the towel color matches the border color. We use the velour fabric, a dobby woven plain sheared looped fabric, to produce printed towels. It is produced by cutting the terry towel pile loops.

Jacquard Weaving of terry towelling fabrics

The technique to weave more sophisticated designs and patterns is the jacquard weaving technique.

To achieve perfection in the final designs of the terry towel textiles, the jacquard weaving looms are computerized and electronically guided.

3 basic techniques of jacquard weaving of towels 

Yarn Dyed Jacquard Weaving of Towels

Two or more different colors of yarn are dyed with excellent color fastness prior to weaving.

Any color you select can be dyed into the yarns.

Border Jacquard Weaving of Towels

Border jacquard weaving is the technique of weaving logos or patterns into the border of a one-color towel by using high quality polyester yarns.

Relief Jacquard Weaving of Towels

Relief Jacquard weaving is the technique that allows for designs or logos to be woven as a relief into the towel.


Weaving of the Towelling Fabrics for Bathrobes

As the towelling fabrics are fabrics with piles, towelling fabrics are also used to produce bathrobes.

The standard width for bathrobe fabric is 150-160 cm.

According to the measurement chart, this fabric width of 150–160 cm is perfect for using towelling fabric to cut and sew all bathrobe types, such as kimono bathrobes models, shawl collar bathrobes models, and hooded bathrobes models.

Towelling cloths with uncut pile loops on both sides are referred to as terry, whereas those with cut loops on one side are referred to as velour.

Both terry and velour fabrics are widely used to create hotel bathrobes models, however terry is more often selected to produce organic cotton bathrobes models.

We use flat weaving machines to weave waffle bathrobes pique fabric.


Weaving Quality of Terry Towelling Fabrics

Strict quality management system that controls and monitors the status the of the towels at every single step of the weaving ensures the perfect construction and the best functions of the towels

Value in the Finest Texture of Terry Fabrics

The best fabric structure parameters and enhanced weaving mechanics determine the dimensional stability across the entire width and length of the terry fabric as well as its improved general performance


Optimizing Terry Fabrics : Unraveling the Parameters and Weaving Mechanics

By carefully fine-tuning the fabric structure parameters and implementing enhanced weaving mechanics, the dimensional stability of terry fabrics is ensured across their entire width and length, culminating in an elevated overall performance.

Terry towels, the epitome of comfort and functionality, are fabrics known for their looped pile woven into them on one or both sides. This unique construction creates a plush and absorbent surface, making terry towels an essential part of our daily lives.

Components of a Terry Towel

Behind the luxurious feel of a terry towel lies a meticulously crafted combination of four yarn groups. The weft, border weft, ground warp, and pile warp work harmoniously to form the intricate pattern that defines the towel's texture and absorbency.

Terry Towelling Fabric Weaving

The art of weaving terry towelling fabric is a complex and sophisticated process that demands the use of specialized weaving machines. These machines, equipped with intricate equipment, allow the creation of the looped structure, making terry towels stand out from traditional woven fabrics.

Selection of Cotton Fiber

At the heart of weaving terry towels lies cotton, celebrated as the monarch among natural fibers. Recognized for its remarkable absorbent qualities, cotton not only efficiently wicks substantial amounts of water but also withstands rigorous washing, guaranteeing the durability of these cherished textiles.

Impact of Yarn Characteristics

The magic of terry fabric lies in the skillful optimization of yarn characteristics. By carefully selecting the right yarn and fiber, manufacturers can achieve static and dynamic water absorption, water retention capacity, wicking, and a rapid rate of absorption, elevating the performance of the final product.

Qualities of High-Quality Terry Fabric

A hallmark of a high-quality terry fabric is its ability to embrace users in a cocoon of comfort. A fine terry fabric boasts an impressive lifespan, an irresistible hand touch, rich texture, and remarkable compressing qualities that indulge the senses.

The Best Functions Related to Weaving Quality of the Terry Fabrics

Perfect pile loop structure, proper pile loop formation, correct pile height, stable and firm pile loop construction, and a higher proportion of pile loop yarn on the towel's surface area give the towel a super-absorbent, hydrophilic, durable, luxurious, and fluffy finish, as well as an elegant appearance and shiny color shades.


When it comes to the weaving quality of terry fabrics, several key functions stand out, contributing to the exceptional performance and allure of these luxurious textiles.



The unparalleled functionality of Turkish Cotton Terry Fabrics

Among the renowned terry fabrics, the Turkish cotton variety stands out for its exceptional capacity to retain and absorb water. With steady and dynamic water absorption, remarkable water storage capacity, and a swift rate of absorption, Turkish cotton terry fabrics provide unparalleled functionality.


Motivation for Terry Fabric Creation

The birth of terry fabric was sparked by the relentless pursuit of high water absorption. The desire to create a fabric that could effectively wick away moisture from the body led to the invention of terry cloth, leaving no other structure capable of fulfilling this fundamental need.

The motivation for the creation of terry fabric can be traced back to the desire for a textile that could fulfill the fundamental need for high water absorption. Before terry fabric's invention, conventional fabrics lacked the capacity to efficiently wick away moisture from the body after bathing, showering, or swimming. This posed a significant inconvenience as these fabrics would often become wet and uncomfortable, leading to damp and clammy sensations.

To address this challenge, textile artisans and innovators embarked on a quest to develop a fabric that could excel in water absorption, offering unparalleled comfort and practicality. Through meticulous experimentation and ingenious weaving techniques, terry fabric emerged as the solution to this essential requirement.

In the 17th century, skilled Turkish weavers invented an early form of terry fabric. This innovative textile featured a looped pile surface that exhibited excellent water absorbency, making it ideal for drying the body after bathing. The success of the fabric led to its popularity spreading beyond Turkey, and its unique weaving technique became known worldwide. Today, Turkish terry fabrics are celebrated for their quality and comfort, continuing the legacy of this ingenious invention.

The ingenious aspect of terry fabric lies in its unique looped pile construction. By introducing additional warp yarns into the fabric at specific intervals, terry fabric creates a textured surface of plush loops that efficiently draw in and retain moisture. The longer, free-floating yarn, often made of absorbent cotton fibers, easily wicks up significant amounts of water, ensuring that the fabric remains dry to the touch and comfortable to use.

Terry fabric's exceptional absorbent properties revolutionized everyday experiences, elevating the comfort and convenience of daily rituals such as bathing, swimming, and leisure activities. Its soft and gentle touch, combined with its superior water-wicking abilities, made terry fabric an instant favorite among individuals seeking both practicality and indulgence.

With its widespread success, terry fabric quickly found applications beyond towels, encompassing a diverse range of products like bathrobes, beach wraps, and spa attire. Its ability to create a luxurious and pampering experience, while fulfilling the essential need for water absorption, propelled terry fabric to become a staple in households, hotels, spas, and various industries.

Today, the motivation behind terry fabric creation continues to inspire innovation and refinement in textile technology. The quest to enhance water absorption, improve comfort, and elevate the overall performance of terry fabrics remains an ongoing pursuit, ensuring that this time-honored textile will continue to enrich our lives with its practicality and allure for generations to come.

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Nova Bravo

Nova Bravo Ltd., based in Turkey, is a full-service textile manufacturer specializing in custom promotional towels, Turkish towels, and promotional textiles and promotional clothing. We provide high-quality product manufacturing and exceptional customer service, as well as smart product customization and timely, caring delivery.

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Address : Kemalpaşa Cad. Hocaoğlu İş Merk. Kat:1 No:68 31100 ANTAKYA-HATAY TURKEY

Gsm : +90 532 661 40 15

Phone : +90 326 213 86 86

Fax : +90 326 213 86 86

E-Mail : novabravo@novabravo.com

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